Monkey pox is here and just like the Ebola virus, its spreading like wild fire. Armed with the right information at the right time, we all can avoid falling victim to this deadly virus. Going by the information made available to the general public about the monkeypox virus as of now, here are the vital information you should have at your palm about the Monkeypox disease.
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research, hence the name ‘monkeypox.’ The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox. Since then monkeypox has been reported in humans in other central and western African countries.
Contact with animals or persons already infected through animal bites and scratches from infected animals. Monkeypox is possible by infected respiratory droplets possible but not often documented. Several species of mammals can be infected with monkeypox, even though the species had never been associated with the virus in their normal environment.
Monkeypox can be transmitted through infected animals following contact with body fluids or materials of animals or infected humans following bite, scratch or even bush meat preparation Entry via broken skin or mucosa (skin, respiratory tract, mucus membrane eye, nose, mouth). Monkey pox can also be transmitted through Shared utensils, bed, room etc. increase risk of transmission. Other human-to-human methods of transmission include direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens.
In most cases of monkeypox, it often takes 7-14 days but could extend from 5 to 21 days.
Signs and symptoms
Monkeypox illness begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and exhaustion. Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body.
Monkeypox virus has been shown to cause death in as many as 1 in 10 persons who contract the disease in Africa.
The good news is that monkeypox can be prevented and here are a number of measures that can be taken to prevent infection with monkeypox virus:
• Avoid contact with animals that could harbor the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
• Avoid contact with any materials, such as bedding, that has been in contact with a sick animal.
• Isolate infected patients from others who could be at risk for infection.
• Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans. For example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
• Use personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for patients.
Be sure to seek medical advice from your Doctor immediately, if you are showing any of the above mentioned symptoms.